Georgia is a small country located in the Caucasus region at the crossroad of Europe and Asia. Country with the unique culture, traditions and natural diversity. Georgia, from its vineyards and beautiful green valley’s to the ancient churches and towers is considered as one of the most desired place for every kind of traveler, who is looking for something uncommon and extremely different destination for travel. This is the country where epochs of past history meet with the modern century. One of the most remarkable attractiveness of Georgia is its hospitality, favorable and proud locals, country where during the centuries, guests were considered as a blessing of god, and hospitality is a lifestyle.
General information about Georgia:
Area: 69,700 sq. km
Capital city: Tbilisi
Currency: Georgian Lari
Climate: The climate is dry and continental in eastern Georgia with hot summers and mild winters. The climate in western Georgia and on the Black Sea coast is warm and semitropical.
Interesting facts about Georgia
- It’s not called Georgia.
Georgia is not called Georgia, Georgians call their country “Sakartvelo”, which identifies as the place where “Kartveli” leave.
- Georgia is homeland of first Europeans
An archeological expedition in Dmanisi found the oldest human skulls in the Caucasus. The 1.8 million-year-old skulls are the remains of a human couple of Georgians called Zezva and Mzia. It is without any doubt that the first Europeans come from Georgia.
- Georgia is one of the oldest wine producing regions of the world
Georgia has been producing wine for at least 8,000 years and is considered to be the birthplace of wine. UNESCO has listed the traditional Georgian winemaking method – in a clay jar called a Qvevri – on its Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity list.
- No one speaks the Georgian language except for Georgians.
The Georgian language among 14 unique languages in the world with its own alphabet. You cannot find any other country who speaks in Georgian language.
- The world’s deepest cave – Veryovkina Cave in Georgia
The Veryovkina Cave is the deepest cave on the planet and is 7,257 feet deep, located in Gagra mountain. It is said that it takes approximately 27 days to reach the bottom of the cave.
- It has a number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
There are three cultural sites listed on UNESCO’s World Heritage list: an ancient city and former capital Mtskheta, the massive cathedral complex Gelati Monastery, and the mountainous region of Upper Svaneti, while 15 other sites are on a tentative list.
- There is a Georgian song in space.
“Chakrulo,” a Georgian folk song usually sung at festivals and celebrations, was sent into space on the spacecraft Voyager. The Golden Record is like a message in a bottle, a welcome for any prospective life forms that may come across the probe.
- Georgia contains ancient European city.
Kutaisi is among Europe’s 16 oldest cities, located in the western Georgia, was the capital of the Kingdom of Colchis – the ancient region of southern Caucasus where people lived as early as the second millennium BC.
- Georgia is known for its polyphonic folk music.
Georgia is known for its choral folk music, catching the attention of UNESCO which listed it on the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity list in 2008.
- In Georgia hospitality is part of culture
The hospitality is legendary in Georgia, country where guest is identified as present of God. This is the attitude that you will feel on every step of your journey in this country.
- Georgia covers 12 different climate zones
With climates ranging from subtropical to semi-desert and even alpine, Georgia is one of the most ecologically diverse countries on the planet.